Kumusta? Get an update over something and sounds more like a concern friend.
Friend, how is the sales? Friend, how are you? Friend, how is the situation in the Philippines? "How is something?" is one among the frequently asked questions and it will be discussed here.
Kumusta means how is something. If you were asked by your Filipino friend by "kumusta?", that only means that he is asking "how are you?".
Note: Only the sentence focus will be discussed in this post.
The Ang group indicates the focus of the sentence. It is a subject marker. When you see a word that belongs to "ang" you should immediately think that what comes next is the main topic of the sentence. An "ang" member can only be used once in a simple sentence.
Note: A simple sentence contains only 1 subject and 1 predicate.
Check the examples below before a thorough discussion.
kumusta? - How are you?
kumusta ka? - How are you?
Kumusta ang sales? -How is the sales?
Kumusta si Licelle? – How is Licelle?
Kumusta sa Japan? – How is Japan?
Kumusta si Licelle sa Manila? –> How is Licelle in Manila?
If you'll be asking about a person and you want to mention his/her name, just use "si" before the name and "sina" before names.
Note: "at" means "and"
You may also just say "kumusta" then choose the appropriate personal pronoun. By switching, you can ask a lot of questions.
If you'll be asking about a place , just use "sa" before the name of the place.
If you'll be asking about things other than names and places, just use "ang" before the word you want to ask.
Try to make your own sentences and let us know in the comment section!